Wednesday, April 30, 2014

Echoes of uncertainty

3 weeks ago, I have taken a test to join Mensa. We've been told that the results may take up to 1 month before hitting our mailboxes. So, I have no complaint about the time it takes though of course, impatience is growing. But in the meantime, I've been reading a book about gifted adults, reading articles about high intelligence, joining a forum for gifted people, listening to recordings of radio shows and watching documentaries and lectures about high IQ.

I see myself as a smart guy. Don't we all? But I have the arrogance to imagine I might be among those who are qualified as "gifted" who compose the top 2% of the population in terms of IQ. At first, I know that saying "top 2%" sounds very restrictive and elitist. But the top 2% of a country's population or even a town's population... that's still a huge crowd. Considering my town and its urban area that have a population of 500,000 people, the top 2% represent 10,000 people. Enough to fill a quarter of the seats of the local football stadium.

But while I'm waiting for the results of the Mensa test, it is exhausting to keep pondering: "Am I one of them? What if I'm just an average person and I've deluded myself into recognizing myself in the descriptions of gifted people?".

It seems vacuous when you think that it will probably not matter a lot. After all, if I am in the 2%, it means I've been in the 2% all my life and simply didn't know about it. Also, having a confirmation (or confirmation that I'm not) will not suddenly change my taste of foods, or the kind of people I feel comfortable with. It won't suddenly make me distaste philosophy and enjoy watching sports on television.

At the same time, having a confirmation will certainly encourage me to go and get a more thorough IQ test like WAIS 4 in order to understand the finer details of my cognitive dispositions. This could be a useful start to later make plans on how I choose to develop myself. Depending on who I want to be, it could be helpful to know if I'll be able to develop some specific sets of skills in only half the time of normal people or if on the contrary I'll need double the time of normal people. It could help also to figure out if I'm more efficient in learning small quantities of information on a regular basis, or if I'm better able (as I believe) to soak in huge chunk of information in a short time. The discussion with a psychologist could also help me to decide if spending efforts on disciplines for which I'm not gifted is a waste of time or a winning long-term strategy. It also seems (though it's not clear) that some of my cognitive abilities may be favorable to coveting higher hierarchical positions professionally while some others of my cognitive abilities would be unfavorable. This could help orienting my professional career in a direction that is compatible with what I'm good at and with what I like doing.

Because people who are "diagnosed" as gifted aren't the kind of superheroes who excel at everything. There is some amount of validity to the quantity represented by the IQ score, but it seems that the most fundamental difference between the majority of people and gifted people is in a different way of working. It's not so much a matter of being better but more a matter of being different. At least, that's what the books say and that's what the psychologists and psychiatrists say. High intelligence doesn't guarantee your socioeconomic success (33% of gifted people are jobless) nor your happiness.

In the meantime, I don't have a lot of certitudes regarding my results. Positive results would open the door to being a member of Mensa. I'm not sure it would be very useful, especially considering that Mensa is under-represented in France. And negative results would... well I don't know. I suppose that near-pass results would keep me on edge and would push me towards the WAIS test anyway. But terrible results would probably be depressing and make me turn my back on all of the high-IQ things.

There's plenty more to say on the subject of intelligence but that'll be for another day. Gotta go check my mailbox :-)

Friday, April 25, 2014

Sex, Gender, Sexual orientation, and Chromosomes

In western societies, matters of sexuality have improved dramatically in the past 100 years. Women used to be considered property. They're now equals, at least legally. Homosexuality is now legally recognized as a normal thing and as I'll show further, we now recognize more degrees than the black and white vision of heterosexuality vs. homosexuality. But even though homosexuality is making its way towards equal rights in many countries, minds are not changed and prejudices don't disappear overnight. Transgender people also need more inclusion and their gender is the object of much curiosity, fear and rejection.

Also in France, where gay marriage was legalized but a few months ago and where conservatives are still fighting to preserve their prejudices, the economic crisis polarizes political tensions and people on the far right wing of politics are lashing out against the "gender theory" which they see as a form of left-wing propaganda which will bring society into decadence. So I thought it could be useful to dedicate an article to this complex subject (more complex than I initially thought) of sex, gender, etc.


What we generally refer to as "sex" is the set of observable organs associated to the act of copulation. For a majority of people, it's quite straightforward: a penis or a vagina. In addition to this, breasts are not a sexual organ as such but they're associated to the typical female body and contribute to the distinction between women and men.

Sex is essentially the outside appearance of an individual.


Gender is the sexual identity (not orientation) that a person identifies with. For most people, gender will match their sex: people with a penis will identify as men and people with a vagina will identify as women. But for some people, there is a mismatch.

The most familiar cases of mismatch are transgender people. Before discussing transgender, it's useful to define a few terms. Transwomen are people born with a male sex who identify as women. They are trans and they identify as women, so: transwomen! Reciprocally, transmen are people born with a female sex who identify as men. A note of vocabulary: as a contrast to transpeople, the non-transpeople are identified as cispeople, which makes me a cisman and the makes the average woman a ciswoman.

The religious taboo on all things sexual in Western societies has led to several propagandist approaches on how to discriminate against transpeople. The prejudice that still sticks today, even though it is false, is that transgender is a mental disorder. In fact transgender is predominantly an expression of a biologic determinism.

Transpeople used to describe themselves as women born in a man's body, or vice-versa, and modern science has found that it is really the case. Part of the human brain has a strong influence on our gender and it's been observed that transwomen do have brain structures and brain functioning similar to those found in ciswomen (women born with a female sex).

More complex and rare cases exist where people identify simultaneously with male and female genders, or with no gender at all, or as a different gender altogether. An example of intersex person who identifies as both male and female is Tony Briffa, a mayor in Australia who recounts his life story about gender in the following video:

Sexual orientation

For a long time, the standard of sexuality has been exclusive heterosexuality, but a surprisingly large (imho) part of the population identifies its orientation differently. The notions of homosexuality and bisexuality are rather commonplace in modern society even though they are still frowned upon by conservative and religious fringes.

But the spectrum of sexual orientation has been described with the Kinsey scale as a 7-degrees gradient + an 8th option of disinterest for sexuality.

0Exclusively heterosexual
1Predominantly heterosexual, only incidentally homosexual
2Predominantly heterosexual, but more than incidentally homosexual
3Equally heterosexual and homosexual
4Predominantly homosexual, but more than incidentally heterosexual
5Predominantly homosexual, only incidentally heterosexual
6Exclusively homosexual
XNo socio-sexual contacts or reactions

It should be noted, however, that a person's sexual orientation may evolve during the course of this person's life.

According to Kinsley's reports, 46% of males react sexually to both sexes and a surprising 37% of males (later confirmed as 36.4% by another study) had at least 1 homosexual experience.

I don't have all the statistics, so I don't feel comfortable representing them on a graph. However, the statistics listed on Wikipedia suggest, once again contrary to my intuition, that female homosexuality is only half as prevalent as male homosexuality on ranks 3 to 6 of the scale.


The recurring opposition to transgender by conservatives is that whatever organs you're born with define what you are and should be in terms of gender (and potentially sexual orientation). And there's a huge presumption on the conservatives' part that whatever organs you're born with are in perfect concordance with your genes. But nature is capricious and it's not as simple as we may wish it to be.

A rather rare (estimation of 1 in 20,000 "genetically male" people) condition is called Androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS). It is a case of the organism being partially or completely unresponsive to male hormones. In this case, the fetus and later the individual may develop into a full female in terms of looks and sex (vagina and breast), as illustrated on the following photo which shows exclusively subjects with AIS.

Image license:  Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (source), author: Ksaviano

Conversely, it is possible to be born with a female XX genotype but to develop a body and sexual organs of a male, as a result of Congenital adrenal hyperplasia.


What I hope is clearer by this conclusion is the distinction between the observable genitalia, the genetic makeup of a person, the gender that a person recognizes for him/herself, and the sexual orientation.

A lot of us are born with a rather clear correspondence between all of these aspects, but we need to recognize that when a phenomenon represents a majority of cases, we should not fall into the trap of considering that minority cases are flaws that require a rectification, or that a person in a minority case should be considered of less value than a person of the majority case.

I also hope to have provided a concise enough coverage of the subject, even though it is clear that many of the topics covered are much deeper than what I have the space, time, or courage of covering here.


This is probably the most difficult article I've written so far. Medical and neurological considerations are complex to apprehend and I've given up on them or simplified them to the extreme.

Also, this article covers a diversity of subjects, each of which could undoubtedly require a big blog article to be covered appropriately.

Finally, the gathering of information especially on transgender has been really time-consuming. The Wikipedia articles on this topic are numerous, long, and complex. And I've also watched a number of YouTube videos dealing with many facets of this topic: coming out, hormonal treatment, effects of hormonal treatment on personality and mood, sex reassignment surgery, sex orientation, relationships with coworkers, opinions of people who date transwomen, timing the "public" coming out with one's career, sexual harassment, religious views, etc. And I want to give a special mention of 1 YouTube user who is a transwoman and who provides a great example (herself) and a great coverage of such topics: TreasureThaDiva... but she's just had breast augmentation so don't be shocked by the thumbnails that reveal her new shape and check her list of uploads to see the diversity of her videos!

Friday, April 4, 2014


This blog is a tiny personal blog. I don't receive a lot of hits nor do I try and lure visitors to this corner of the internet. Some contributions on other blogs have however led a few people (mostly from France) to come and check some of my articles.

So I don't have a lot of readers but out of curiosity I always check the statistics when I connect to my account.

Today, I had a phone interview with a foreign company. I won't disclose whom nor from which country. But I had only 1 interview.

And look at those statistics of visitors: a spike of visits from the very country where I'm applying! And the few articles I published that deal remotely with work have been visited.


Thursday, April 3, 2014

Windows XP is D-E-A-D

Back in January, I was already publishing an article about Windows XP that was going to be discontinued by Microsoft. This is happening NOW. Or rather, this is happening on April 8th, merely 5 days from now.

Microsoft is likely to release an ultimate security update on April 8th but then it's over ; you're on your own. If new viruses are put out there... you're done. 28% of computers in the world are still using Windows XP.

So, try and think like an evil virus programmer who wants to steal credit card details from people or do something shady like encrypt people's hard drive and take their data hostage until they pay a ransom of 20-30 dollars. Will you spend your programming efforts on making a virus for Windows 7 which is a tough nut to crack and for which Microsoft is still publishing regular updates? or will you attack 28% of computers (that should be around 500 million computers) which you know are not protected anymore? There's no doubt. After April 8th, viruses for Windows XP will be like a disease that remained dormant for a while but then suddenly produces its effects with full force.

If you still have Windows XP on your computer, you have only 5 days to do something about it.
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